The International Tinnitus Journal

The International Tinnitus Journal

Official Journal of the Neurootological and Equilibriometric Society
Official Journal of the Brazil Federal District Otorhinolaryngologist Society

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ISSN: 0946-5448

Abstract

Analysis of Hearing and Tinnitus in Workers Exposed to Occupational Noise

Author(s): Marlene Escher Boger, Andre Luiz Lopes Sampaio, Carlos Augusto Costa Pires de Oliveira

Introduction: Noise is one of the harmful agents to health that is present in the various branches of economic activity. Hearing loss and tinnitus are among the most frequently reported complaints by workers exposed to occupational noise. Objective: To analyze the hearing and tinnitus in normal-hearing workers exposed to occupational noise. Method: This is a cross-sectional analytical trial in metallurgical industries, in which we evaluated normal-hearing workers through anamnesis, audiometry and otoacoustic emissions. Results: It was observed high prevalence of failure of otoacoustic emissions (40%) and tinnitus (66.6%). Both in the amplitude and in the signal-to-noise ratio, the higher is the frequency of the sound, the worse the results. Despite having audiometry within normal limits, the results indicate that workers are suffering the effects of exposure and reveals association between failure of otoacoustic emissions and tinnitus in this population (X2 = 6,732). Conclusion: It is concluded that failures in DPOAE and tinnitus are predictors of hearing damage in normal-hearing workers.

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