The International Tinnitus Journal

The International Tinnitus Journal

Official Journal of the Neurootological and Equilibriometric Society
Official Journal of the Brazil Federal District Otorhinolaryngologist Society

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ISSN: 0946-5448

Abstract

The Contribution of Otoneurological Evaluation to Tinnitus Diagnosis

Author(s): Raquel Mezzalira, Oscar A.Q. Maudonnet,l Rodrigo G. Pereira, and Joel E.A.P. Ninno

Tinnitus has been reported for nearly 80% of patients referred to the otolaryngology services. Usually, its evaluation is based on tonal and vocal audiometry, tympanometry, brain stem-evoked potentials, electrocochleography, and otoacoustic emissions. However, as the cochleovestibular system works as a unit, the use of vestibular tests has been proposed to evaluate tinnitus. Many patients with tinnitus have altered vestibular test results even in the absence of vestibular symptoms. This finding accounts for the indication of complete vestibular and audiological evaluation oftinnitus. The aim ofthis study is to analyze the contribution of otoneurological evaluation in the diagnosis of tinnitus. Patients were selected and divided into two groups. Group 1 was composed of patients complaining about tinnitus only, whereas group 2 was composed of patients with tinnitus associated with dizziness, hearing loss, and fullness. All submitted to otoneurological evaluation based on directed clinical history, physical examination, tonal and vocal audiometry, tympanometry, and vestibular examination. A total of 195 patients were analyzed. The otoneurological evaluation was conclusive in the diagnosis in 48 cases (75%) in group 1 and in 94 cases (72%) in group 2. The present study showed that otoneurological evaluation contributes to the etiological diagnosis of tinnitus.

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