The International Tinnitus Journal


rolex replica

replica watches
melbet güncel

The International Tinnitus Journal

Official Journal of the Neurootological and Equilibriometric Society
Official Journal of the Brazil Federal District Otorhinolaryngologist Society

*Type a word

ISSN: 0946-5448


A Randomized Controlled Trial of Cognitive-Behavior Therapy for Tinnitus

Author(s): Shannon K. Robinson, Erik S. Viirre, Kelly A. Bailey, Sandra Kindermann, Arpi L. Minassian, Phillippe R. Goldin, Paola Pedrelli, Jeffery P. Harris, and John R. McQuaid

This study is a randomized, waitlist-controlled trial testing the effect of a brief, “manualized,” cognitive-behavioral group therapy on distress associated with tinnitus, quality of well-being, psychological distress including depression, and internal focus. Cognitivebehavioral therapy (CBT) included training in activity planning, relaxation training and, primarily, cognitive restructuring. Sixty-five participants were recruited, and 41 completed treatment. Participants were randomly assigned to receive 8 weeks of manualized group CBT either immediately or after an 8-week waiting period. Participants completed outcome measures at the time of their random assignment and at 8, 16, and 52 weeks later. Repeatedmeasure analysis of covariance revealed significant group-by-time interactions on measures of tinnitus distress and depression, indicating that CBT led to greater improvement in those symptoms. The current results suggest that CBT, applied in a group format using a manual, can reduce the negative emotional distress, including depression, associated with tinnitus.