The International Tinnitus Journal

The International Tinnitus Journal

Official Journal of the Neurootological and Equilibriometric Society
Official Journal of the Brazil Federal District Otorhinolaryngologist Society

ISSN: 0946-5448

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Abstract

Amplifiers in Tinnitus Patients

Author(s): Henk M. Koning, Bas C. ter Meulen

Introduction: High tinnitus loudness can be provoked by peripheral disorders of the somatosensory and/or auditory system. Objectives: The object of our study was to compare high tinnitus loudness patients with low tinnitus loudness patients and to find specific factors associated with high tinnitus loudness. Design: A retrospective cohort analysis of 234 patients with tinnitus as main complaint who visited our clinic in a four-year period. Methods: Data obtained from the subjects were age, sex, the loudness of tinnitus estimated by the VAS, and the outcomes of the audiogram and the cervical spine radiograph. Results: High tinnitus loudness was associated with a higher prevalence of females, more dizziness, less self-perceived hearing loss, more cervical disc degeneration at C3 to C6, and a larger anterior spur of cervical vertebrae C3 to C6. Females had a lower prevalence of tinnitus but a higher chance on high tinnitus loudness. Gender, the size of the largest anterior spur from C3 to C6, and the ratio of hearing loss at 8 kHz and hearing loss at 2 kHz are involved in the amplification of tinnitus loudness. Conclusions: High tinnitus loudness can be provoked by peripheral disorders of the somatosensory and/or auditory system. A steep audiometric edge between hearing at 2 kHz and hearing at 8 kHz and/or cervical spine pathology with sympathetic nervous system irritation can amplify tinnitus loudness causing high tinnitus loudness

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