The International Tinnitus Journal

The International Tinnitus Journal

Official Journal of the Neurootological and Equilibriometric Society
Official Journal of the Brazil Federal District Otorhinolaryngologist Society

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ISSN: 0946-5448


"C.A.P.P.E. " - A Strategy for Counselling Tinnitus Patients

Author(s): Richard H. N odar

This paper presents a simple, straightforward vehicle for counseling tinnitus patients when discussing probable cause. The five stress factors are: Chemical, Acoustic, Pathologic, Physical, and Emotional (C.A.P.P.E.).