Official Journal of the Neurootological and Equilibriometric Society
Official Journal of the Brazil Federal District Otorhinolaryngologist Society
Background: Otitis media with effusion is a common and important pediatric clinical problem; it is the leading cause of hearing impairment in children. Medical treatment remains controversial.
Aim: To evaluate the usefulness of using topical nasal steroids in the treatment of otitis media with effusion.
Patients and Methods: Between November 2019 and October 2022, a prospective controlled clinical study was carried out in the department of otolaryngology at Al-Jerrahat Teaching Hospital in Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq. This study comprised 40 patients with bilateral otitis media with effusion (23 males, 17 females). Two groups were created for the patients. Patients in group A (20 patients) were treated with mometasone furoate nasal spray; 1 puff (50 µg) in each nostril daily for 2 weeks, while the 20 patients in group B were treated with saline nasal spray; 1 puff in each nostril daily for 2 weeks. At the end of the first and second weeks of treatment, otoscopic examination was used to monitor the patients. At the end of the second post-treatment week, pure tone audiometry and tympanometry were performed again. Normal otoscopic results, a type A tympanogram, and enhanced pure tone hearing threshold average to be ≤20 dB HL within 0, 5, 1, and 4 KHz were used to characterize resolution of OME. The association between two means was determined using an independent sample t-test, while the association between categorical variables was determined using an X2-test.
Results: At the end of 2nd post-treatment week, there was no significant difference regarding improvement of otitis media with effusion regarding otoscopic, audiometric, and tympanometric results in both groups (P-value >0.05). Conclusion: Topical nasal steroid is unuseful for the treatment of otitis media with effusion in the short-term.Text PDF