The International Tinnitus Journal

The International Tinnitus Journal

Official Journal of the Neurootological and Equilibriometric Society
Official Journal of the Brazil Federal District Otorhinolaryngologist Society

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ISSN: 0946-5448

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Labyrinthine and Neuroscientific Impact of Schizophrenia in the Criminal Justice System

Author(s): Prashant Kumar*, Rana Navneet Roy, Shivakant Prajapati

Schizophrenia, a complex mental illness defined by the World Health Organization, leads to significant life impacts, including psychosis, impaired social interactions, and infringements on human rights. Characterized by a disconnection from reality, as noted by the National Institute of Mental Health, it disrupts cognitive, emotional, and behavioral functioning. The Cleveland Clinic highlights its severe effects on both physical and mental well-being, while the WHO underscores the associated distress and impairment in various life aspects. Stat Pearls emphasizes its symptoms, categorized into positive and negative. This condition intersects significantly with the criminal justice system, often resulting in stigma and further complications. A study from the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness identifies predictors of criminal justice system involvement, underscoring the need for addressing co-morbid drug abuse to mitigate these risks. This intersection raises crucial considerations regarding treatment versus punishment, ethical and medico-legal dilemmas, global perspectives, and the need for future policy recommendations and research directions to better manage schizophrenia within the criminal justice system.

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