The International Tinnitus Journal


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The International Tinnitus Journal

Official Journal of the Neurootological and Equilibriometric Society
Official Journal of the Brazil Federal District Otorhinolaryngologist Society

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ISSN: 0946-5448


Tinnitus Cognitions Questionnaire:Development and Psychometric Properties of a Measure of Dysfunctional Cognitions Associated with Tinnitus

Author(s): Peter H. Wilson and Jane L. Henry

The development of the Tinnitus Cognitions Questionnaire (TCQ), a scale designed to assess positive and negative cognitions associated with tinnitus, is described. Psychometric analyses of the TCQ are examined, with a total of 189 subjects from three separate samples. The results indicate good test-retest reliability (r = 0.88) and internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.91). Factor analysis revealed two factors that were interpreted as positive cognitions and negative cognitions. TCQ negative items and positive items were found to be unrelated (r = 0.09). Correlations between the TCQ and other self-report indices of depression, automatic negative thoughts, and tinnitus-specific symptomatology are reported. The TCQ may provide a useful index of the cognitive responses of tinnitus sufferers and may be employed as a measure of change in outcome research on psychological management of tinnitus.