The International Tinnitus Journal


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The International Tinnitus Journal

Official Journal of the Neurootological and Equilibriometric Society
Official Journal of the Brazil Federal District Otorhinolaryngologist Society

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ISSN: 0946-5448


Tinnitus in Hereditary Meniere's Syndrome

Author(s): Carlos A. Oliveira, Roberta Bezerra, and Mercedes F .S. Araujo

In 1997, the authors described a large family with classic Meniere's syndrome and migraine inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. Using a special questionnaire applicable to all the affected members of this family, the majority of respondents convincingly demonstrated true migraine preceding or after the Meniere's attacks. Now we have used another questionnaire designed to describe the natural history of tinnitus and have posed the questions therein to all members of this sibship affected by migraine, Meniere's syndrome, or both. In this way, we obtained a clear description of tinnitus regarding volume, intensity, and degree of annoyance; time of onset and duration; variations with time; and so on. The relations oftinnitus with the other Meniere's symptoms and with the migraine also were explored. Only headache appears more often than tinnitus in these patients, and the latter is the only symptom constantly present, with little variation during migraine and Meniere's attacks. These findings are discussed.