The International Tinnitus Journal

The International Tinnitus Journal

Official Journal of the Neurootological and Equilibriometric Society
Official Journal of the Brazil Federal District Otorhinolaryngologist Society

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ISSN: 0946-5448

Abstract

Characteristics and Management of Childhood Tinnitus in a Developing Country

Author(s): Waheed Atilade Adegbiji, Gabriel Toye Olajide, Olawale Olubi, Adebayo AbdulAkeem Aluko, Anthony Oyebanji Olajuyin, Paul Adebisi Eletta, Abdulmajid Ibrahim Yahya

Objectives: Tinnitus is a commonly neglected otologic symptom among children in developing country. This study aimed at determining the prevalence, clinical characteristics, diagnosis and management of childhood tinnitus in a developing country. Method: This prospective hospital based study of patients’ age 18 years and below with complaints of tinnitus was conducted in Ear, Nose and Throat Department of Ekiti state UniversityTeaching Hospital,Ado Ekiti,Nigeria between April 2016 to March 2018. The parents/guardians/patients were briefed about the scope of the study. After getting oral consent, pretested interviewers assisted questionnaire was administered to collect data. Data obtained were collated and analyzed using SPSS software version 18.0 and was expressed in simple tables and charts. Results: Prevalence of tinnitus in this study was 6.2%. There were 56.1% males and male to female ratio was 1.5:1. Majority 55.3% had single episode of tinnitus and long duration (>3 months) was commonest form of tinnitus in 59.1%. Bilateral tinnitus was recorded in 68.9% while subjective tinnitus constituted 93.9%. Discrete tinnitus was commoner in 67.4%. Major causes of tinnitus were febrile illnesses, otitis media, noise exposure, unknown (idiopathic), earwax impaction and ototoxicity in 19.7%, 16.7%, 15.9%, 14.4%, 12.9% and 9.8% respectively. A commonest tympanometric finding was type A in 72.7% of patients. Commonly affected quality of life were anxiety, depression and attention problem in 51.5%, 43.2% and 40.2% respectively. Associated comorbid illnesses in this study were 50.8% sleeping disorders, 42.4% concentration disorders and 31.1% headache. Referrals were mainly from paediatrician in 44.7%. Prehospital treatment was mainly medication in 62.1%. All the patients were counselled (assured). Other treatments given were conservative treatment, surgery, ear syringing and hearing aids in 56.1%, 15.9%, 12.9% and 9.1% patients respectively.

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