The International Tinnitus Journal


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The International Tinnitus Journal

Official Journal of the Neurootological and Equilibriometric Society
Official Journal of the Brazil Federal District Otorhinolaryngologist Society

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ISSN: 0946-5448


Transadaptation and Standardization of Tinnitus Primary Function Questionnaire in Hindi

Author(s): Chandramala Shaurya, Aparna Ravichandran, Suraj Kumar

The term tinnitus is derived from the Latin word tinnire, meaning to ring. Although it is often referred to as "ringing in the ears, tinnitus can be perceived as many different sounds including hissing, clicking or whistling. India being a multilingual country needs to develop and standardize tinnitus questionnaire in Indian language. There are no significant test materials available with respect to Indian context based on Hindi, which can be routinely used by the professionals to assess the primary effect of tinnitus in patients. Thus, a need was felt to develop instrument in Hindi that can be used as per the ICF (International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health) classification system in all over the country. The study aims to evaluate the impact of tinnitus on quality of life of clients having tinnitus with and without hearing loss by using primary function questionnaire (TPF-Hindi). The present study attempts to transadapt and standardize Tinnitus Primary function Questionnaire in Hindi. And administer both the questionnaires (TPFQ-H vs THQ-H) on the tinnitus clients with and without hearing loss and compare the impact of tinnitus in terms of quality of life in subjects with tinnitus with hearing loss and without hearing loss. A 12-item questionnaire was administered to 50 patients (tinnitus with hearing loss and without hearing loss) and compared between two questionnaires Tinnitus Primary Function Questionnaire and Tinnitus Handicapped Questionnaire (TPFQ-H & THQ-H). The results of the current study were analysed by using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSSv 20.0). Scores were positively correlated with the Tinnitus Handicap Questionnaire. There is significant correlation between both the scales and reliability between the scales is also good.

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